Disclaimer: This assignment was written by a student and is not an example of our proffesional work. You can view professional samples here.

Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not reflect the views of BusinessTeacher.org. Information in this assignment should not be used to form the basis for any kind of financial or investment advice, as the content may contain inaccuracies or be out of date..

Porter's 5 Analysis of Costco

2412 words (10 pages) Business Assignment

14th Dec 2020 Business Assignment Reference this

Tags: Business AssignmentsPorter's 5 ForcesExternal AnalysisBusinessCostcoBusiness StrategyWholesale


The company name I have chosen for my week number eight course project is known to be Costco. When it comes to Costco’s primary business the main ideal objective for Costco is to have the best prices on quality brand-name merchandise. Costco is an enrollment distribution center club, devoted to bringing the individuals the most ideal costs on quality brand-name stock. With many areas around the world, Costco gives a wide choice of product, in addition to the accommodation of claim to fame divisions and restrictive part benefits, all intended to make your shopping background a pleasurable one. Relating to the company I have chosen the key players were known to be Sol Price, Jeffrey H. Brotman, and James D. Sinegal. Sol Price was a pioneer in distribution center club retailing and have effectively opened the principal Price Club in San Diego. Both Jeffrey H. Brotman and James D. Sinegal opened the first Costco in Seattle in 1983. The Price Company otherwise called the corporate parent of Price Club and Costco converged in 1993 to progress toward becoming Price/Costco.

In 1997 the corporate name was changed to Costco Companies, Inc. In 1999 the present corporate name was embraced. In the mid 21st century the organization worked stores in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Europe, the Far East, and Australia. The organization was frequently applauded for giving its workers a more significant salary and preferable advantages over were standard in the field of retailing. Costco’s present CEO is known to be Craig Jelinek. Jelinek joined Costco in 1984, only months after the first Costco opened. In any case, and, after its all said and done, the long-lasting retail official had many years of experience added to his repertoire. Costco turned into the main organization ever to develop from zero to $3 billion in deals in under six years. When Costco and Price Club consolidated, the joined organization, working under the name PriceCostco, had 206 areas producing $16 billion in yearly deals. Since continuing the Costco name in 1997, the organization has become worldwide with all-out deals in later financial years surpassing $64 billion.


  1. Bargaining power of suppliers: The Bargaining Power of Suppliers, one of the powers in Porter’s Five Forces industry analysis framework, is the perfect representation of the haggling intensity of purchasers and alludes to the weight providers can put on organizations by raising their costs, bringing down their quality, or diminishing the accessibility of their items. Providers in a prevailing position can diminish the edges Costco Wholesale Corporation can win in the market. Incredible providers in the administration’s division utilize their arranging capacity to extricate more significant expenses from the organizations in rebate, assortment stores field. The general effect of higher provider bartering force is that it brings down the general productivity of rebate, assortment stores. With this being said a few different ways that Costco can handle the Bargaining Power of the providers is by building a proficient store network with various providers. Another way incorporates trying different things with item plans utilizing various materials so that in the event that the costs go up of one crude material, at that point the organization can move to another.
  2. Bargaining power of buyers: Porter’s Five Forces of buyer bargaining power alludes to the weight buyers can apply to organizations to get them to give more excellent items, better client care, and lower costs. Purchasers are regularly requesting a lot. They need to purchase the best contributions accessible by paying the base cost as could be allowed. This puts pressure on Costco Wholesale Corporation’s benefit over the long haul. The littler and all the more dominant the client base is of Costco Wholesale Corporation the higher the dealing intensity of the clients and the higher their capacity to look for expanding limits and offers. One way that Costco can handle the Bargaining Power of Buyers is by building an enormous base of clients. This will be useful from numerous points of view. It will lessen the dealing intensity of the purchasers in addition to it will give a chance to the firm to streamline its deals and creation process.
  3. The threat of new entrants: New entrants in a markdown, assortment stores bring development, better approaches for getting things done and put pressure on Costco Wholesale Corporation through lower evaluating techniques, decreasing expenses, and giving new offers to the clients. Costco Wholesale Corporation needs to deal with every one of these difficulties and construct compelling hindrances to shield its focused edge. A portion of the manners in which that Costco can handle the Threats of New Entrants is purchased by improving new items and administrations. New items carry new clients to the overlap as well as give old client motivation to purchase Costco Wholesale Corporation ‘s items. Another way consolidates building economies of scale with the goal that it can bring down the fixed expense per unit.
  4. The threat of substitutes: With regards to the threat of substitutes implies the accessibility of an item that the purchaser can buy rather than the business’ item. The accessibility of close substitute items can make an industry progressively focused and abatement benefit potential for the organizations in the business. At the point when another item or administration meets a comparable client’s needs in various manners, industry gainfulness endures. An awesome model incorporates administrations, for example, drobox and google drive. These subs for capacity equipment drive. The risk of a substitute item or administration is high on the off chance that it offers an incentive that is extraordinarily not the same as the present contributions of the business. A few different ways that Costco can handle this is by being administration situated instead of just item arranged and by understanding the center need of the client as opposed to what the client is purchasing.
  5. Industry Rivalry: The force of contention among rivals in an industry alludes to the degree to which firms inside an industry put pressure on each other and point of confinement to each other’s benefit potential. On the off chance that the competition among the current players in an industry is extraordinary, at that point it will drive down costs and diminishing the general benefit of the business. Costco Wholesale Corporation works in an exceptionally aggressive markdown, assortment stores industry. This challenge takes a toll on the general long-haul gainfulness of the association. Costco can handle this by building a feasible separation and by building scale with the goal that it can contend better.


The organization I have picked has a conventional system which is additionally founded on Porter’s model. This manages the organization’s way to deal with keeping up its upper hand. As the second greatest retailer on the planet, Costco pursues its conventional focused methodology to straightforwardly go up against different goliaths, particularly Walmart. Then again, Costco’s escalated development techniques decide the activities fit to develop the business. The organization utilizes its escalated development techniques to keep extending around the world. Costco’s principal technique for the upper hand is cost administration. This is the thing that Costco is known for. This system involves low costs reflected through low costs. Clients expect noteworthy reserve funds when they purchase from Costco. Another organization is known as Walmart additionally utilizes a cost authority focused methodology. To separate itself from the challenge, Costco additionally somewhat utilizes wide separation as its auxiliary conventional technique.

This second nonexclusive technique makes the business stand apart dependent on specific attributes. An incredible model fuses, Costco separates dependent on worth or quality through Kirkland Signature, which is the organization’s home image. With this being the wide separation procedure prompts the upper hand and permits Costco to contend dependent on quality, over low costs dependent on the cost administration methodology.


Costco’s technique is based on the rule procedure of low costs, constrained choice, and a fortune chase shopping condition. Costco utilizes its image Kirkland, which is intended to be equivalent or preferred quality over national brands. Costco has numerous systems on the utilitarian level which enables them to turn into an increasingly productive business. I will currently list six systems in which Costco uses consistently. The primary technique Costco uses is market penetration. Costco’s primary escalated development procedure is market penetration. This escalated methodology underpins development through more deals to business sectors where the firm as of now works. An excellent model incorporates, forceful showcasing efforts to draw in more customers to its distribution centers/stores. A vital goal for this concentrated development procedure is to build client maintenance, for example, through Costco’s limits dependent on participation. Costco’s focused procedure of cost authority underpins this serious development system by drawing in clients dependent on low costs.

The second strategy I would like to talk about is market development. Costco’s auxiliary concentrated development system is advertising advancement. This concentrated methodology empowers the organization to develop through deals to completely new markets or market sections. For instance, Costco opens new distribution centers/stores in new areas, for example, abroad markets, to increase new clients. A key target for this serious development procedure is to extend the inventory network to help new distribution center/store areas. Costco’s nonexclusive focused systems of cost authority and expansive separation help draw in new clients to recently opened areas. The third strategy is item development. Costco’s tertiary escalated development technique is item advancement. This escalated technique underpins the association’s development through the presentation of new items. For instance, Costco includes time-restricted or regular items, just as new items under the Kirkland Signature brand. A vital goal for this escalated development procedure is to set up coalitions with makers for co-marking of their items with Costco’s Kirkland Signature brand. This serious development procedure bolsters Costco’s conventional focused system of cost separation through the great related to Kirkland Signature.

The fourth strategy Costco uses is selling products in bulk. This is a very beneficial. The items that they sell are of good quality and because of their low sticker price, it means the items being of good incentive to the clients. A generally excellent case of purchasing in mass is at lower costs. Somebody who purchases in mass the item will last more and be less expensive than customary. The fifth strategy I would like to add is that Costco uses is they put resources into their workers. The useful level strategies that they utilize help to diminish turnover will prompt bringing down the expense of retraining staff individuals. This will likewise spur representatives and make an environment where the workers are commonly glad to work there and center around helping serve the client. The last and final strategy I will like to discuss is lowering prices. This to me is the main difference from Costco and other rivals. The majority of Costco’s rivals do the inverse. Hoping to build the cost with the goal that they can acquire benefit. Costco has numerous procedures on the utilitarian level which enable them to turn into an increasingly proficient business. Like I expressed before this is a keen tactic that Costco fuses. An excellent case of having lower costs is that a larger number of people will come to Costco as opposed to anyplace else.


If I was in the position to advertise a recommendation to the company, I would add a certain strategy I strongly believe would be very beneficial. The strategy I would add is to have more advertising. Advertising is key to get any store or product out there. This will help sustain competitive advantage and achieve any type of future growth. Having to advertise people will know more about Costco. This will cause more individual to visit. The steps I believe the company should take is to get with someone who understands how to advertise. A great resource for advertising is a billboard. This will be huge factor in order for having more customers.


After researching my chosen company, I now understand why Costco is so successful. The tactics Costco incorporated are a huge factor in the success. I learned a lot of valuable lessons and information about this type of business. I learned how much competition there is within this business. I learned how valuable it is to have customer service. Having customer service is key to this business. I learned how lowering certain prices and how offering to buy in bulk can make a huge difference.


Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.

Related Services

View all

DMCA / Removal Request

If you are the original writer of this assignment and no longer wish to have your work published on the UKDiss.com website then please: