Evaluation of Scientific Management

1179 words (5 pages) Business Assignment

3rd Jun 2020 Business Assignment Reference this

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Abstract

Scientific management is a concept of evaluates and integrates work processes. Its primary goal is improving financial effectiveness, particularly work efficiency. This management theory was one of the earliest endeavors to apply science to the production of procedures and management. This method is known as Taylorism after its originator, Frederick Winslow Taylor (Kinicki et al., 2018, Ch 2). He started his hypothesis’ in the United States during the 19th century in industrial businesses, more precisely steel. During the 20th-century scientific management theory flourished, however, Taylor passed on in 1915. Even though scientific management method was out of date by the 20th century the majority of its subjects are significant pieces of modern management currently. For example, motivation, levelheadedness, observation, analysis, strong working attitude, and productivity. Furthermore, the wellbeing of its own or to ensure the societal position of specific specialists with specific ranges of abilities, and the change into large scale manufacturing. The main guideline advocates for the consistent investigation of the work procedures to build up the most effective methods for playing out specific responsibilities (Admin, 2008).

Employees for which the application of Scientific Management work best

Scientific management is beneficial to each and every worker because the purpose of this exercise is that managers scientifically estimate the effectiveness of the employees and to set focuses on which they can endeavor to accomplish. This method persuades employees because gives them an objective to accomplish, rather than simply concentrating on the work in view of no genuine objective. With focused goals in mind and the encouragement for motivation, workers climb to accomplish them (Kinicki et al., 2018, Ch 2).

This conflicted with the conventional methods for boosted objectives being compensated by higher wages or potentially advancements. Managers are expected to analyze other employees in various departments of the business. For example, walking around with stopwatches and scratch pads and adequately check the time it takes to finish the individual undertakings for the purpose of creating a reference point (Admin, 2008).

Scientific Management depends on four fundamental standards

Determine the most efficient:

This guideline says that we must not set daily practice with the old methods of doing work, rather we ought to be continually testing to grow new strategies which make the work a lot more straightforward, simpler and faster

Harmony:

According to this guideline, a healthy environment ought to be in the organization, because it promotes cohesion and in return enthusiasm and provide a sense of belonging.

Cooperation

As indicated by this guideline, every one of the exercises done by various individuals must be continued with a soul of shared collaboration. According to Taylor, the director and the laborers must mutually decide guidelines (Caramela, 2019). This builds contribution and, in this manner, thusly, expands obligation, because it encourages extraordinary outcomes (Caramela, 2019).

Better growth:

According to this guideline, the proficiency of every single individual should be dealt with ideal from his choice. A legitimate course of action of everyone’s preparation ought to be made. Such a minding disposition would make a feeling of eagerness among the workers and the sentiment of belongingness as well (Caramela, 2019).

Address the problems defined in the video using Scientific Management

This video presented the issues of the organization is unfulfilling, knowledge and skill, and collaboration could (Tutorials, 2015). This environment could benefit from Frederick Taylor’s point of view of Scientific Management (Kinicki et al., 2018, Ch 2).

Management could provide a training seminar or shadow the employees in the event to create time-and-motion studies that might benefit processes. This, in turn, should provide an idea of the process, therefore, will determine the intensity of the process, knowledge of the task, and provide an insight completion period. In addition, this will enable them to decide how manual the procedure is, the zones of operational risk. The reason might come to light as to why the workmanship is poor, therefore, leading to the implementation of training (Kinicki et al., 2018, Ch 2).

According to Frederick Taylors, decreased the intellectual aspect of work and to empower machines because this will eventually lessen the manual touchpoints of a procedure and would significantly build the dimension of the workmanship being given (Admin, 2008). Employee revenue can be one of the greatest monetary downfalls in an organization, on the other hand, it can be a major increase in revenue. When employees feel underappreciated, that energy is shown in the work, and can sometimes provide an explanation of why employees performance might be locking enthusiasm (Caramela, 2019).

Using Scientific Management to fix problems

These issues will be fixed through Scientific management, because the absenteeism will be resolved by having every one of the managers’ screens and supervise employees and their performance, therefore, the turnover procedure will be resolved since Scientific management is about productivity. Workers can be placed in position based on the skills set, and knowledge (Kinicki et al., 2018, Ch 2).

Moreover, time and motion studies should be created in order to resolve any issue of absenteeism, turnover, and poor workmanship. This will enable the organization to pay attention to the regions that need the most devotion. When the scope has been notable of where the issue, managers from those areas can know how and what situation to address. Through the Lean method, time-and-motion studies can be transitioned to undertake the procedure improvement activity to run a project. Also, this will help make an activity plan on where the issue zones are and how they can be enhanced (Kinicki et al., 2018, Ch 2).

References

  • Admin. (2008, June 27). Scientific Management. Retrieved from http://criticalmanagement.org/node/192
  • Caramela, S. (n.d.). The Management Theory of Frederick Taylor. Retrieved from https://www.business.com/articles/management-theory-of-frederick-taylor/
  • Kinicki, A., & Williams, B. K. (2018). Management: A practical introduction. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.
  • Tutorials, O. I. (2015, November 17). Retrieved June 05, 2019, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=he-jox5sSpE&feature=youtu.be

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