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Project management entails the application of skills, knowledge as well as procedures on activities that pertains a project to meet the needs of a project. There are several places where project management can be applied depending on the needs of the situation. For this paper, project management will be applied in the public health sector. The focus of the project, in this case, will be in the quality of water. Water is an essential requirement in public health, which promotes socio-economic development, integrity of the ecosystem and supports healthy livelihoods. According to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), one of its agenda regarding water is to ensure the availability of water, sustainable water management and maintenance of water ecosystems (Volenzo & Odiyo, 2018). Therefore water quality as a project to manage in the public health sector is essential in various ways. Availability of quality water is essential in effective running of hospitals since water is the fundamental need in the life of human beings. Quality water ensures that quality of healthcare is affordable and of the desired quality. Also, it ensures that safety is upheld by reducing the exposure to water that has questionable quality. Quality water plays a role in the alleviation of poverty alongside inclusive growth (Pink, 2016). Thus a quality water project is essential in the public health sector given the benefits attached to such an undertaking.
Project management on the quality of water within the public health sector entails several activities. These activities may seem difficult to perform, but through some techniques the undertaking is possible. The quest to create a suitable service thing for the public stands to follow all the procedures of any project management. Timeframe for the project is another factor that project management in the public health sector adheres to since it is essential in keeping up with the planned budget (Baum, 2016). Hence these principles are guiding factor which every project manager in the public sector applies. The activities that project manager in the public health sector performs include the issuance of permits and giving authorizations to any activity that touches on the exploitation of water for use by the public. Also, notifying the public on actions of water quality management and actions for these goals is another responsibility for project management within the public health sector. Project management in the public sector entails the design approval, inspection, and planning for the quality of the clean water. Project management also ensures the availability of clean drinking water through the assessment of the source of the water, establishment of any history of public health incidences and check for compliance (Centeno, Finkelman & Selinus, 2016). Other responsibilities of project management for the public sector include certification of any public facility, publication, and applications among other responsibilities.
Water is a natural resource whose management is characterized by reservations, such as management strategies. These involve risks that a project is exposed to which include risks of public health, chemical pollution of the water sources, the policies, among other factors (Kneese, 2015). These are factors that need proper approaches for their effective management. Water quality management in the public health sector should focus on institutional framing which entails analyzing the perspectives of the ecology of the public health and management of risks at the community levels. Such adherence will guarantee the success of the project. Also the water quality project management should consider the laws and policies, political landscape, financial arrangements and other institutions essential in the management of risks associated with the water quality. Laws and policies set by different institutions should be considered to ensure formality in every undertaking. Political structure and economic structure is important in the creation of order (Bradford et al., 2016). Hence a careful consideration of these facets of the society forms an important basis for the implementation of the water quality project goals and objectives within the public health sector. The integration of these policies helps to mitigate any matters that may arise in the process leading to the transformation of the community and also vital in building a foundation for resilience in such matters.
Water quality is important in the prevention of ill-health within public health. Therefore project manager in the water quality has to consider several factors that impact directly on public health. First is the quality of microbiological drinking water and its impact on human health (Li & Wu, 2019). Microbiological drinking water is responsible for the spread of such diseases as cholera, dysentery, among others. Water act as agents of diseases. Thus a careful control of the water is important. Secondly, a water quality project should consider global diseases incidences related to water (World Health Organization, 2017). These diseases are a health burden on the health services of various countries. Project management should consider the source of pollution for water to establish the risk to which people get exposed. Thirdly, the project should focus on improving health through working on sanitation and water quality (Luby et al., 2018). Improving the quality of water supplied to people as well as sanitation helps to impact positively on human health. Such a project should consider geographical seasonal and social activities around the designated area. Lastly, water quality management should consider the opportunistic and pathogens associated with water (Luby et al., 2015). These pathogens impact negatively on the lives of the population. Thus the ingestion of water some sources should get the attention it deserves to prevent infections, especially to the vulnerable members of the society such as children, the elderly and the sick.
Project management in the public health sector is essential in ensuring that the immediate population gets the quality of water they deserve. These projects should align with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The project should consider the laws and regulations, in terms of policies, that are set for the specifically chosen location. Lastly, the project manager should consider the various aspects of water quality available to ensure that contaminated water does not reach the public and cause diseases.
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- Centeno, J., Finkelman, R., & Selinus, O. (2016). Medical geology: Impacts of the natural environment on public health.
- Kneese, A. V. (2015). Water pollution: economics aspects and research needs. Routledge.
- Li, P., & Wu, J. (2019). Drinking water quality and public health. Exposure and Health, 11(2), 73-79.
- Luby, S. P., Halder, A. K., Huda, T. M., Unicomb, L., Islam, M. S., Arnold, B. F., & Johnston, R. B. (2015). Microbiological contamination of drinking water associated with subsequent child diarrhea. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 93(5), 904-911.
- Luby, S. P., Rahman, M., Arnold, B. F., Unicomb, L., Ashraf, S., Winch, P. J., … & Leontsini, E. (2018). Effects of water quality, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on diarrhoea and child growth in rural Bangladesh: a cluster randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Global Health, 6(3), e302-e315.
- Pink, R. M. (2016). Myanmar: Resolving Water Insecurity and Poverty. In Water Rights in Southeast Asia and India (pp. 15-34). Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
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- World Health Organization. (2017). Progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene: 2017 update and SDG baselines. Progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene: 2017 update and SDG baselines.
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